Arnott England

Regina Rifles

  • Biography

     

    One of Arnott’s older brothers, Graham, introduced him to the politics that sparked the Second World War in Europe. Arnott decided to join the navy, but his mother hated the idea of her son lost at sea. Arnott’s backup plan to join the army did not go well at first. He had difficulty getting in due to his weight, but his determination prevailed, and he enlisted successfully.

     

    Rifleman Arnott England landed at Juno Beach on 6 June 1944 as an infantry reinforcement. He eventually joined “B” Company, the Regina Rifle Regiment in its advance on Bretteville-l'Orgueilleuse, a French village on the highway and railway line connecting Caen with Bayeux, two of the largest towns in the British and Canadian sector. Over the next few days, Arnott and his comrades fought a desperate battle against fanatical Hitler Youth troops from the 12th SS Panzer Division.

     

     

    After the war, Arnott returned to New Brunswick and married Muriel Evelyn Cove in 1947. They had four daughters and three sons, although Arnott Jr. died as an infant in 1953. Arnott supported the family as a self-employed plumber. He never spoke to his wife and children about what he had seen and done. He also had trouble sleeping for 30 years after the war. Arnott wouldn’t have missed the war, but he was forever scarred by it, especially his encounters with the Hitler Youth.

     

    Arnott England passed away on 19 June 2008, aged 85.

  • War Context

    The Canadian Fortress

     

     

    Rifleman Arnott England served with “B” Company, the Regina Rifle Regiment. On 6 June 1944, his unit stormed Courseulles-sur-Mer, took heavy casualties, and pressed on to Reviers where they captured crucial bridges linking Juno Beach together. The Regina Rifles stopped for the night at Le Fresne-Camilly.

     

    On 7 June 1944, the Regina Rifles captured Bretteville-l'Orgueilleuse. It’s likely that this is where Arnott joined them after D-Day. This Norman village sits astride a major road and railway route and could have been an important staging area for German troops poised to counterattack and throw the Allies back into the English Channel. Bretteville was one of the pre-selected positions for the Canadian fortress. Arnott’s “B” Company was assigned the task of guarding the road and fields east of the village.

     

    Beginning late on 8 June the 12th SS Panzer Division (Hitler Youth) sent approximately 40 Panther tanks up the road towards Bretteville from the direction of Caen with infantry (mounted on motorcycles) and artillery support. Canadian infantry and anti-tank guns in the “B” Company area met them with heavy fire. The Canadian infantry smartly allowed the Panthers to roll past and shot down the German troops in motorcycles and on foot. “B” Company was eventually overrun, but they had stripped the Panthers of their supporting infantry. The tanks continued into Bretteville, harassing the Reginas’ headquarters. Without German infantry, these tanks were vulnerable to Canadian soldiers hunting them with personal anti-tank weapons.

     

    The Regina Rifle Regiment’s positions buckled but held. The Hitler Youth failed to secure what they hoped would become a start line for a larger attack. Part of their failure was the result of one German commander, Wilhelm Mohnke, busying himself with the murder of Canadian prisoners of war rather than coordinating his regiment’s support for the attack. In a separate incident, the battlefield east of Bretteville contained 13 murdered Canadians, most of whom were from Arnott’s “B” Company.

     

     

     

  • Additional Assets